UNESCO General History of Africa, Volume 1: Methodology and African Prehistory

UNESCO General History of Africa, Volume 1: Methodology and African Prehistory

Language: English

Pages: 840

ISBN: 2:00286468

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

Volume I of this acclaimed series is now available in an abridged paperback edition. The result of years of work by scholars from all over the world, The UNESCO General History of Africa reflects how the different peoples of Africa view their civilizations and shows the historical relationships between the various parts of the continent. Historical connections with other continents demonstrate Africa's contribution to the development of human civilization. Each volume is lavishly illustrated and contains a comprehensive bibliography.

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beginnings of sequences, or at best, say, once a century. A n y greater precision leads to error. In any case, absolute dates calculated in this way must be preceded by a siglum to indicate the fact. T h u s ± 1 6 3 5 for the foundation of the K u b a K i n g d o m would indicate that the date was calculated on the basis of genealogies and king-lists. T h e same procedure can be applied to determine the average length of a reign. It has been shown w h y this average is less valid than that

the sloping, previously submerged soils, but their primitive tools give more satisfactory results there. Seasonal or permanent marshland in the alluvial area gives rise to swarms of mosquitoes {Anopheles gambiae). Tsetseflies{Glossina palpalis) also breed in the low-growing hygrophile masses of Salix and Mimosa asperata which cover recent silt on the banks of the Logone and Chari rivers. T h e resulting 74 Sources and specific techniques used in African history: general outline malaria and

introduced comparatively recently, as is attested by specific written sources. Manioc, for example, n o w the staple food of several peoples in Central Africa, did not reach the K i n g d o m of K o n g o via the Atlantic coast until after the sixteenth century. A m o n g food plants grown on the plateau surrounding M b a n z a K o n g o , capital of the kingdom, Pigafetta and Lopez's Relatione (1591) mentions only luko, i.e. the eleusine Corocana, whose 'seed comes from the banks of the Nile, in

been published by Editions d u Cerf, Paris, 1968-70. For a work which makes an important contribution to our knowledge of the Christianization of Ethiopia, see Rufinus, Historia Ecclesiastica, in Migne's Patrología Graeca, which always gives a Latin translation. 16. I might mention Aristotle (Politics), Caesar (Bellum Civile and Bellum Africum), Eutropius, Justinian, Orosius. There are more than thirty textual sources for the story of Hannibal alone. 96 Written sources before

complete list of these functions, partly because a tradition can perform several different functions and can play a role running from the well-defined to the vague in relation to them, but mainly because the word 'function' is itself confusing. It is most often used to describe everything which serves to strengthen or maintain the institution upon which it depends. A s the connection is not tangible, the imagination can produce an endless list of functions to be performed and no choice is

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