Thucydides: The War of the Peloponnesians and the Athenians (Cambridge Texts in the History of Political Thought)
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Thucydides' classic work is a foundational text in the history of Western political thought. His narrative of the great war between Athens and Sparta in the fifth century BC is now seen as a highly sophisticated study of the nature of political power itself: its exercise and effects, its agents and victims, and the arguments through which it is defended and deployed. It is therefore increasingly read as a text in politics, international relations and political theory, whose students will find in Thucydides many striking contemporary resonances. This edition seeks to present the author and the text in their proper historical context. The new translation is particularly sensitive to the risks of anachronism, and the notes and extensive reference material provide students with all the necessary historical, cultural and linguistic background they need to engage with the text on its own terms.
citizens, and once these had started for home only a few remained to take part. When the armies were drawn up on battle order and about to engage, Hippocrates went along the lines of the Athenian army and spoke as follows: ‘Athenians, my speech to you is a short one, but that is quite enough for men of courage, and it is in any case more of a reminder than a new appeal. Let none of you think that we have no business to be chancing these risks in a foreign country. The battle will take
Clearchus Spartan commander, put in charge of fleet at the Hellespont 412/11. VIII 8.2 Clearidas Spartan general, appointed governor of Amphipolis in 423. IV 132.3 Cleon Populist Athenian politician, prominent after the death of Pericles; rival of Nicias; portrayed by Thucydides and the playwright Aristophanes as a crude and aggressive demagogue and imperialist; recommends mass executions at Mytlinene in 427 and at Scione in 423; successful (with Demosthenes) in forcing the surrender of
appropriate.986 Peisander was the one who proposed this resolution and was in general the one most in the public eye in his very active role in helping to overthrow the popular party. However, the one who planned the whole strategy up to this point and had been committed to it the longest was Antiphon, a man second to none among the Athenians of his day in his qualities and his powers of thought and expression.987 He was reluctant to come forward and present himself before the people or in
not recall the exiles), and in general they ruled the city with a strong hand. They put certain people to death, not many but those whom it seemed most convenient to have out of the way; some they imprisoned; and others they banished. They also made overtures to Agis, King of the Spartans, who was at Deceleia, saying that they were willing to make peace and that it now made more sense for him to come to terms with them rather than with the fickle Athenian public. Agis, however, fancied
you, make discipline and vigilance your watchwords, and respond smartly to the word of command. There is no finer or more reassuring sight than to see a whole body of men unified by good discipline.’ After this short speech Archidamus dismissed the meeting and his first move was to send Melesippus, son of Diacritus and a Spartiate, to Athens in case they might be more inclined to yield now that they could see the Spartans were already on the march. The Athenians, however, did not grant