The SAGE Encyclopedia of Alcohol: Social, Cultural, and Historical Perspectives, Volume 1
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Alcohol consumption goes to the very roots of nearly all human societies. Different countries and regions have become associated with different sorts of alcohol, for instance, the “beer culture” of Germany, the “wine culture” of France, Japan and saki, Russia and vodka, the Caribbean and rum, or the “moonshine culture” of Appalachia. Wine is used in religious rituals, and toasts are used to seal business deals or to celebrate marriages and state dinners. However, our relation with alcohol is one of love/hate. We also regulate it and tax it, we pass laws about when and where it’s appropriate, we crack down severely on drunk driving, and the United States and other countries tried the failed “Noble Experiment” of Prohibition.
While there are many encyclopedias on alcohol, nearly all approach it as a substance of abuse, taking a clinical, medical perspective (alcohol, alcoholism, and treatment). The SAGE Encyclopedia of Alcohol examines the history of alcohol worldwide and goes beyond the historical lens to examine alcohol as a cultural and social phenomenon, as well—both for good and for ill—from the earliest days of humankind.
Temperance in Modern History: An International Encyclopedia, Jack S. Blocker, David M. Fahey and Ian R. Tyrrell, eds. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2003. Carlsberg Carlsberg is a Danish brewery founded near Copenhagen in 1847 by Jacob Christian (J. C.) Jacobsen. It is one of the five largest brewing companies in the world and known most prominently for its Carlsberg Pilsner lager. Carlsberg was the first brewery to install a laboratory for research, making brewing into a science, which led to
Lois W., the wife of AA cofounder Bill W., formed the group after realizing that she could use the same model as the one used by her husband to engage in her own spiritual growth and recovery. Model As with AA, local Al-Anon groups are viewed as autonomous. Groups share their suggestions and assistance with each other through a central office. They hold weekly meetings, during which individuals share their experiences and provide support and encouragement to each other. There is no standardized
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one in three traffic fatalities involve alcohol, penalties for drunken driving offenses vary widely by location. A driver who has two or more convictions may have the opportunity to participate in a specialty diversion court devoted to dealing with driving offenses. They are called DWI, DUI, or sobriety courts. These courts are based on the drug court model and can provide an alternative to traditional courts and probation. Judges have regular court contact with offenders, oversee their progress