The Peloponnesian War (Oxford World's Classics)
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"The greatest historian that ever lived." Such was Macaulay's assessment of Thucydides (c. 460-400 BC) and his history of the Peloponnesian War, the momentous struggle between Athens and Sparta that lasted for twenty-seven years from 431 to 404 BC, involved virtually the whole of the Greek world, and ended in the fall of Athens. A participant in the war himself, Thucydides brings to his history an awesome intellect, brilliant narrative, and penetrating analysis of the nature of power, as it affects both states and individuals. Of the prose writers of the ancient world, Thucydides has had more lasting influence on western thought than all but Plato and Aristotle. This new edition combines a masterly new translation by Martin Hammond with comprehensive supporting material, including summaries of individual Books; textual notes; a comprehensive analytical index; an appendix on weights, measures and distances, money, and calendars; ten maps; an up-to-date bibliography; and an illuminating introduction by P.J. Rhodes.
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Lacedaemonian side there were preparations for a fortified outpost, with a call sent around to the cities, intended to make the Athenians more amenable; and when the meetings, after all the claims against one another, meanwhile resulted in agreement to make peace by giving back what each had taken in war, but with the Athenians keeping Nisaia (when the Athenians in due course demanded Plataia, the Thebans claimed that they did not hold the place by force but because the Plataians had come over by
Hagnon, Myrtilos, Thrasykles, Theogenes, Aristokrates, Iolkios, Timokrates, Leon, Lamachos, Demosthenes.” This alliance was made soon after the treaty; the Athenians gave the men back to the Lacedaemonians, and with the summer the eleventh year began. The first war, which was continuous during the ten-year period, has been recorded.  After the treaty and the alliance which occurred after the ten-year war, when Pleistolas was ephor in Lacedaemon and Alkaios was archon in Athens, those
that the Egestaians in particular be told that since they originally took up the war against the Selinountines without Athenian consent, they may also end it on their own; and finally, that in the future we not continue the habit of making allies whom we defend when they are in trouble but from whom we get no benefits when we are in need ourselves.  “And you, president of the council, if you consider it among your duties to care about the city and wish to be a good citizen, call another vote
generals be given full authority over the size of the army and over the expedition overall, and that they were to do whatever they thought was best for Athens. After that, the preparations began, and they sent word to the allies and mustered the forces at home. The city, because of the armistice, had made a recent recovery from the plague and continuous warfare in respect to both the number of young men who had grown up since then and the accumulation of funds, so that everything was easier to
with careful qualification, to understand what is likely to happen in the future (see especially Ste. Croix 1972, pp. 30–33). 1.23. The Thirty-Year Peace was concluded in 446/5. “That no one may ever search … begin the war”: the literature on this obviously crucial passage is immense; useful recent discussions are Rhodes 1987, Ostwald 1988, pp. 1–5, and Hornblower 1991 ad 1.23.6. It is not simply that the precise reasons for the war, especially the question of Athenian vs. Spartan