The Fate of Africa: A History of Fifty Years of Independence

The Fate of Africa: A History of Fifty Years of Independence

Martin Meredith

Language: English

Pages: 752


Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

An epic biography of postcolonial Africa illuminates its current devastating problems. What happened to this vast continent, so rich in resources and history, to bring it so close to destitution and despair in the span of two generations?

The Gunny Sack

True At First Light

Colonialism in Question: Theory, Knowledge, History

Famine and Foreigners: Ethiopia Since Live Aid



















across the street from a large outdoor market packed with traders and shoppers. As hundreds looked on, his body was castrated, dismembered and eaten. Witnessing these events, Agbabiaka wrote:Quiwonkpa’s body was chopped up into bits in a macabre cannibalistic ritual by some of Doe’s soldiers who, astonishingly in these modern times, still believed that by eating bits of a great warrior’s body, some of that greatness would come to them. The heart, of course, was the prize delicacy . . .

the MPLA gained 53.7 per cent, taking 129 seats, compared with Unita’s 34.1 per cent, with 70 seats. Anstee gave the results her imprimatur, declaring that despite the ‘deficiencies’, the UN mission considered the elections had been ‘generally free and fair’. An analysis of the results showed that the MPLA had swept the board in its Mbundu ‘home territory’, winning 81 per cent of the presidential vote and 85 per cent of the parliamentary vote in Luanda and the surrounding provinces of Bengo,

Victor, Political Corruption: The Ghana Case, Hoover Institution Press, Stanford, 1975 ——Politics in Francophone Africa, Rienner, Boulder, CO, 2004 Levtzion, Nehemia and Randall L. Pouwels (eds.), The History of Islam in Africa, Currey, Oxford, 2000 Lewis, I. M., A Pastoral Democracy: A Study of Pastoralism and Politics Among the Northern Somali of the Horn of Africa, Oxford University Press, 1961 ——A Modern History of Somalia: Nation and State in the Horn of Africa, 4th edn, Currey, Oxford,

Nzongola-Ntalaja, Georges, The Congo From Leopold to Kabila: A People’s History, Zed, London, 2002 Odinga, Oginga, Not Yet Uhuru, Heinemann, London, 1967 Ogot, B. A. and W. R. Ochieng’ (eds.), Decolonization and Independence in Kenya 1940 – 93, Currey, London, 1995 Ogunsanwo, Alaba, China’s Policy in Africa, 1958 – 1971, Cambridge University Press, 1974 Okello, John, Revolution in Zanzibar, East African Publishing House, Nairobi, 1967 Oliver, Roland, The African Experience, Weidenfeld &

ventured into Angola, preferring a comfortable emigré lifestyle in Léopoldville where he had extensive business interests. In 1962 the UPA changed its name to the Frente Nacionale de Libertação de Angola (FNLA). Support was forthcoming from Tunisia and the Algerians. The Americans, too, showed an interest. Under the Kennedy administration, US officials took a sympathetic view of African nationalism and sought out nationalist leaders free from communist association. Roberto’s group was cleared by

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