Surrender or Starve: Travels in Ethiopia, Sudan, Somalia, and Eritrea
Robert D. Kaplan
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Robert D. Kaplan is one of our leading international journalists, someone who can explain the most complicated and volatile regions and show why they’re relevant to our world. In Surrender or Starve, Kaplan illuminates the fault lines in the Horn of Africa, which is emerging as a crucial region for America’s ongoing war on terrorism.
Reporting from Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia, and Eritrea, Kaplan examines the factors behind the famine that ravaged the region in the 1980s, exploring the ethnic, religious, and class conflicts that are crucial for understanding the region today. He offers a new foreword and afterword that show how the nations have developed since the famine, and why this region will only grow more important to the United States. Wielding his trademark ability to blend on-the-ground reporting and cogent analysis, Robert D. Kaplan introduces us to a fascinating part of the world, one that it would behoove all of us to know more about.
percent were separated from all members of their immediate families. Amete Gebremedhin, a Tigrean in her early forties, stated that after she and a group of other captured women protested to the militia about being separated from their husbands and children, “the soldiers laughed and said: ‘What do you care about your children, you will find new ones in Asosa.'” According to the report, resettlement often occurred in the process of fighting between the government and the TPLF. The government
initially thought it could create an entente between the two sworn enemies, with the Soviet Union guaranteeing the sovereignty of Ethiopia and Somalia under an umbrella of military aid; sort of like the arrangement the United States had with Greece and Turkey, both of whom were forever quarreling yet never actually went to war because each was dependent for supplies on the United States, which had bases in both countries. As with Greece and Turkey, the Kremlin wanted to make Ethiopia and Somalia
obviously took up a significant amount of Carter's time at the beginning of his term in office. But it's difficult to find a reference about Ethiopia in his memoir Keeping Faith. By the time Ronald Reagan took office, Ethiopia was well on its way to becoming Moscow's first African satellite. Although the maturation of the Eritrean and Tigrean guerrilla resistances offered Reagan the chance to destabilize the Dergue through the use of proxy armies, the conservative Republican president, while
incidents replayed themselves in my mind that, for me, were emblematic of Africa as I briefly experienced it. The first incident involved a colleague, Paul Vallely. He wrote a story about it entitled, “Riding the Lifeline Lorry” (The Times, July 26, 1985). To my mind, it was the best single feature story I ever read about the famine. It's too bad that the U.S. public never got to see it. For weeks the requests had been trickling into the old British garrison post of El Geneina, the furthermost
Foreign Policy. Waugh, Evelyn. 1931, 1985. Harmondsworth: Penguin, Remote People: A Report from Ethiopia and British Africa, 1930–31. Wolfe, Bertram D. 1948. New York: Dell, Three Who Made a Revolution. 1986. London: The Economist, World Human Rights Guide, London. Worrall, Nick. 1980. London: Quartet, Sudan. LETTERS, REPORTS, AND SUPPLEMENTS August 1985. Khartoum: Interfam Information Project, “Briefing Packet: Famine in the Non-Government Held Areas of Eritrea and Ethiopia, and