Second Manassas 1862: Robert E. Lee's Greatest Victory (Praeger Illustrated Military History)
John P. Langellier
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There never was such a campaign, not even by Napoleon wrote Confederate General Pender of the Second Manassas campaign in which the gray-bearded Virginian, Robert E Lee, came as close as he ever would to exterminating his Northern enemies. Second Manassas established Lee as the South's pre-eminent military commander and the Army of Northern Virginia as its most powerful weapon. The fighting in northern Virginia left Union General John Pope's career in tatters and proved that the South was a power to be reckoned with.
There never was such a campaign, not even by Napoleon.' So wrote William Dorsey Pender, a brigadier-general in the Army of Northern Virginia, in the wake of the Second Battle of Manassas. His words were not hollow boasts - the campaign in north Virginia in the late summer of 1862 demonstrated Robert E. Lee's truly great generalship. Although overshadowed by later clashes such as Antietam and Gettysburg, the Second Manassas campaign was a military masterpiece in which Lee and the Army of Northern Virginia came as close as they ever would to exterminating their Federal opponents and ending the war. In so doing Lee confirmed himself as the South's pre-eminent military leader and helped forge his Army into the formidable force it would remain for the rest of the war. The crushing defeat of Federal General John Pope's Army of Virginia provided the springboard for Robert E. Lee's first invasion of the North which would reach it's climax along the banks of Antietam Creek that September.
placed him in Jackson's rear. This left Jackson free to fall back after dark so he could march to a position further up the river, but still maintain contact with Longstreet's left. This was accomplished during the night of 21/22 August. That day, preceded by cavalry, Jackson reached the neighborhood of Sulphur Springs, where the great highway, from Culpeper Court House toward Washington, crossed the Rappahannock and then passed through 35 36 Warrenton to Centreville. Simultaneously,
from here that he received an appointment to the United States Military Academy. After graduation in 1842, his class standing (17 out of 56) was high enough to secure a posting to the prestigious Corps of Topographical Engineers. Pope eventually ended up apparently trapped in the backwater of Maine, but he was rescued by the outbreak of the Mexican War in 1846. His service and valor in this conflict earned him promotion to brevet captain. By 1 July 1856 Pope had advanced to a captaincy in the
Henry W. (1815-72) 8, 12, 12, 13-14 Hatch, Brigadier General John Porter (1822-1901) 45, 62, 65 Heintzelman, Major General Samuel Peter (1805-80) 24 Henry Hill 55,76,84,84 Hill, Major General Ambrose Powell (1825-65) 25, 27, 27, 38, 62 Hood, Major General John Bell (1831-79) 28 Hooker, Major General Joseph (1814-79) 25 Jackson, General Thomas Jonathon "Stonewall" (1824-63) 9, 17, 19, 24, 27, 28, 37 background 18-19 at Brawner's Farm 42, 45, 50, 51, 52 at Cedar Mountain 15, 19, 25, 27 at First
receiving even one demerit. In addition, he graduated second in his class of 1829, which earned him a commission as second lieutenant in the Corps of Engineers. His first assignment to work on fortifications at Hampton Roads was followed by a detail to serve as an assistant to the chief of engineers, a duty that began in 1834. This posting to Washington allowed him to live in a fine home that his new bride's family had given the couple. The stately home still stands overlooking Arlington National
Cemetery. Lee then went on to other duties, not the least of which was on Winfield Scott's staff during the Mexican War, where he served at both Cerro Gordo and Churubusco. He conducted reconnaissance during this period that greatly assisted the movement of Scott's forces. His services brought three brevets and Scott's highest accolade. He ultimately pronounced Lee "the very best soldier that I ever saw in the field." Lee went on to become the commanding officer of the 2nd US Cavalry, and later