Rural women and triple exploitation in Korean development

Rural women and triple exploitation in Korean development

Language: English

Pages: 256

ISBN: 0333734157

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

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agricultural liberalisation policy as one which wilfully abandoned Korean agriculture altogether, rather than merely an ill-considered agricultural policy resulting from benign neglect of the sector (Hwang, S.C., 1988, p. 361; Sahoe Paljo˘n Yo˘n-guhoe, 1988, p. 100). It has been proven from past experiences that once the foundation of agricultural production collapses it is very difficult to rebuild it in a short time. For example, after the Korean War, the importation of large quantities of raw

also that during which the drain of agricultural labour was more severe than ever before and the shortage of farming labour was therefore felt very acutely (see the section on rural–urban migration in Chapter 1). The government concentrated on the diffusion of labour-substituting heavy machinery such as planting machines and tractors. The special fund set up by the government for promotion of mechanisation amounted to 467 billion won during 1977–82 (Chang, S.H., 1985, p. 332). Government loans

farmers. The overall process of agricultural mechanisation has therefore functioned as another channel of unequal exchange, along with industrial production of farming materials such as fertilisers, agricultural chemicals, fuel and electricity. 60 Agriculture in the Korean Development Model 4 Globalisation and Rural Poverty LIBERALISATION AND RESTRUCTURING OF AGRICULTURE Since the Fifth Five Year Economic Development Plan (1982–6), the principal economic policy of Korea has been the

configuration among different sectors of the economy in which agriculture is subordinated. The position of a national political economy within the world economic system has a very significant influence over the sectoral configuration in the domestic economy. The political economy of South Korea, especially its sectoral configuration, has been established in direct correspondence to changes in the global economy, within which subsistence agricultural production became subservient to

reproduction. The ideology of wise mother and good wife would prevent a woman from ‘abandoning’ her responsibility for caring for other household members. Therefore, as is mostly the case, although women carry out the same amount of work in the fields as men (or even more than men), they are still expected, both by men and women themselves, to perform all domestic household work allocated within the framework of the new patriarchal relations. Women in farm households now work virtually as much as

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