Innovation, Global Change and Territorial Resilience (New Horizons in Regional Science series)

Innovation, Global Change and Territorial Resilience (New Horizons in Regional Science series)

Language: English

Pages: 512

ISBN: 0857935747

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

The critical message of this book is that in the current context of global change, local and national territories have to upgrade their resilience in terms of improving both their competitiveness and capability to innovate.

Localized creativity, small high-tech entrepreneurship, related innovation platforms, social capital embedded in dynamically open territorial communities and context-specific though continuously upgrading policy platforms are all means to face new challenges and to promote increased absorptive capacity within local and national territories. The contributors illustrate that these capabilities are much needed in the current globalized economy as a path towards sustainability and for creating new opportunities for their inhabitants. They analyze the challenges and development prospects of local/regional production systems internally, across territories, and in terms of their potential and territorial connectivity which can help exploit opportunities for proactive policy actions. This is increasingly relevant in the current climate, in which the balanced allocation of resources and opportunities, particularly for SMEs, cannot be expected to be the automatic result of the working of the market.

Exploring conceptual and methodological aspects, and documenting original accounts of innovative territories, this book will be of great interest to academics, students and researchers within the fields of economics, industrial organization, and technology and innovation.

Contributors: A. Amighini, C. Aragon, M.J. Aranguren, H. Bakhshi, P. Bianchi, A. Bravo-Biosca, F. Comptour, P. Cooke, J.R. Cuadrado-Roura, J.L. Curbelo, L. De Propris, M. Delgado, A. Eriksson, S. Franco Rodriguez, J.J. Gibaja Martins, P. Gratzke, C. Iturrioz, J. Karlsen, C. Ketels, S. Labory, M. Landabaso, M. Larrea, L. Lazzeretti, B. MacAulay, A. Murciego Alonso, M. Navarro Arancegui, M.D. Parrilli, M. Perlo Cohen, R. Rabellotti, A. Rodriguez-Pose, M. Sanfilippo, A. Saxenian, A. Vazquez Barquero, S. Westlake, J.R. Wilson, F. Zhang

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Systems Thinking. The need for practical rapid response to system crises has been agreed with and supported by the Swedish Export Agency, centrally concerned with global commodity, asset and knowledge flows and structures. Global regions hosting large cities or export economies are highlighted (Figure 2.7). It is clear that emergencies, crises or disasters in any of the key nodes transceiving key infrastructure flows require optimal resilience. Training Regions’ January 2011 business plan focuses

knowledge investment was divided while Box 3.1 provides a number of examples of the practical importance of these types of investments to innovative firms. The next phase of the development of the Index will re-examine this definition of innovation and if necessary improve on it. In particular, NESTA will consider (and invite comments on) whether some measure of innovative tangible capital (such as cutting-edge computers or high-technology machines23) should be included, how to include knowledge

innovative oil and gas firms from less innovative competitors.27 M2938 - COOKE TEXT.indd 77 27/07/2012 15:55 78 Table 3.1 Innovation, global change and territorial resilience Investment in innovation was divided into seven categories R&D Design Organisational improvement Training and skills development Market research and branding Software development Other (copyright development and mineral exploration) M2938 - COOKE TEXT.indd 78 R&D is ‘classic’ innovation investment: scientific

model of how businesses innovate, that is based on academic research and has subsequently been used as a consulting tool in a range of businesses.38 This framework looks separately at firms’ ability to access innovation (develop ideas or obtain them for elsewhere), build innovation (turn ideas into products) and commercialise innovation (use innovative goods or services to make money). The questionnaire tested a number of areas not included in the Community Innovation Survey, and differed from

resilience thinking is needed to take into account that such new situations also offer the bases for a new meeting among cultures, communities and values. These can enrich one another mutually through a peaceful exchange that helps build joint sustainable solutions to local and global problems that affect everyone (for example, global warming, environmental pollution, excess production in some territories alone, lack of human, and labour rights in advanced and developing economies). All this

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