Ethnic Groups of Africa and the Middle East: An Encyclopedia (Ethnic Groups of the World)

Ethnic Groups of Africa and the Middle East: An Encyclopedia (Ethnic Groups of the World)

Language: English

Pages: 377

ISBN: 1598843621

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

This encyclopedia is an essential guide to the different ethno-linguistic groups in Africa and today's complicated Middle East region.

• Contains contributions from international scholars and independent researchers who have lived and worked in countries such as Chad, Egypt, Eritrea, Guinea Conakry, Jordan, Lesotho, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Nigeria, Sudan, and Syria

• Includes bibliographic information after each entry, photographs, and an index

Africa since 1800

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North of South: An African Journey

River God (A Novel of Ancient Egypt)

A Continent for the Taking: The Tragedy and Hope of Africa











descendants of the Tschitolian industry that dates back to around 25,000 years ago on the fringes of the rain forest. An ancient Egyptian (6th dynasty, 2300 BCE) account of an expedition that may have reached into central Africa records bringing back a pygmy dancer, and other ancient Egyptian references call pygmies “Aka.” The Aka traditionally are hunter-gatherers and developed relationships with some 11 Bantu peoples who moved into the region. Aka provide skins, ivory, and wild rubber to their

intermarriage, Arabic language and social customs mixed with Sudanic ones. Many of the Beja were pastoral nomads and, for example, the Bisharin subgroup, who live south of Aswan in Egypt, became famous for the high quality of their riding camels. Others settled and grew millet, sorghum, and other subsistence crops. The Beja kept certain Sudanic practices such as matrilocality and taboos about milk, as well as living in tents made from mats rather than the woven goat-hair tents of the Arabs. In

Longmore/ ) 107 108 Gilaki and Mazandarani sold online along with free-trade coffee from Uganda. The Kabaka ruled with divine authority and, though the Baganda are patrilineal, the kingship is matrilineal. The system allows all Baganda clans to have the chance at providing the next monarch in that the succession goes to a male from among the relatives of the principal wife. The Kabaka’s court was served by those who could prove their abilities as military commanders or

Johannesburg: Wittwatersrand University Press, 2008. Schapera, I. The Khoisan Peoples of South Africa: Bushmen and Hottentots. London: Routledge Kegan Paul, 1960. Shostak, Marjorie. Nisa: The Life and Words of a !Kung Woman. Cambridge. MA: Harvard University Press, 2000. Shostak, Marjorie. Return to Nisa. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2002. Thompson, Leonard. A History of South Africa. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1995. “Tsodilo.” (accessed

emerged during the reign of Barotseland’s legendary king Lewanika (r. 1876–1916), who negotiated with the British South Africa Company to establish Barotseland as a protectorate and not a colony. Lozi are perhaps best known for their annual boat pageant, Kuomboka. Each year as the waters of the Zambezi rise, the Lozi king (Litunga) leads a procession of elaborately decorated barges across the flooded plain to high ground. The Litunga lya Mboela (Queen of the South) also performs Kuomboka, which

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