Diasporas, Development and Peacemaking in the Horn of Africa (Africa Now)

Diasporas, Development and Peacemaking in the Horn of Africa (Africa Now)

Language: English

Pages: 248

ISBN: 1783600977

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

Exiled populations, i.e. diaspora communities, hold a strong stake in the fate of their countries of origin. In a world becoming ever more interconnected, they engage in 'long-distance politics' towards their homelands, send financial remittances and support social development in their communities of origin. Transnational diaspora networks have thus become global forces shaping the relationship between countries, regions and continents.

This important intervention, written by scholars working at the cutting edge of diaspora and conflict, challenges the conventional wisdom that diaspora are all too often warmongers, their time abroad causing them to become more militant in their engagement with local affairs. Rather, they can and should be a force for good in bringing peace to their home countries.

Featuring in-depth case studies from the Horn of Africa - including Somalia and Ethiopia - this volume presents an essential re-thinking of a key issue in African politics and development.

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organizations in terms of capacity-building, networking and fund-raising capacities. Institutions have thus been interacting with diaspora organizations through such initiatives of assistance, showing their availability in recognizing and approving the existence and claims-making role of this political actor, in this case diaspora organizations. This mechanism of ‘certification’ is de facto the recognition process, whereby institutions in the settlement countries hold the power to set

Finland’, in F. Mikkelsen (ed.), Invandrerorganisationer i Norden, Copenhagen: Nordisk Ministerrad, pp. 235–81. Siisiäinen, M. (2008) ‘New and old associations as trusting networks: tracing social capital in Jyväskylä’, in J. Häkli and C. Minca (eds), Social Capital and Urban Networks of Trust, Hampshire: Ashgate. Sökefeld, M. (2006) ‘Mobilizing in transnational space: a social movement approach to the formation of diaspora’, Global Networks, 6(3): 265–84. Statistics Finland (2009) ‘Myönnetyt

beneficiaries of the latest stream in the evolution of development thinking. In addition, encouraging the establishment of professionalized diaspora actors entails the risk of hampering, in the long run, the independence of diaspora initiative and the added value of their supposed status as members of ‘local’ home communities and holders of ‘local’ knowledge and skills. This chapter ultimately questions the idea that current diaspora engagement policies and practices represent a significant

Horn of Africa, we learned, formed a unit of the Ethiopian highlands and the surrounding lowlands. Historians and archaeologists dwelt on old links connecting various parts of the Horn of Africa with each other and with the centres of the Islamic world. Possibly the earliest forms of the Arabic script were found along the Nile rather than on the Arab peninsula. The first hijra of followers of the Prophet from Mecca to the court of the Negus of Ethiopia was the topic of several papers: the

other events have succeeded in doing before or since. The political activism was kept at a high pitch throughout the two-year incarceration of the leaders of the main opposition party, Coalition for Unity and Democracy (CUD). It subsided only after divisions within the CUD leadership surfaced soon after their release from detention. The Ethiopian socio-political context and implications Though voluntary associations with various forms and purposes have existed in Ethiopia for a long time

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