Collected Works, Volume 19: Marx and Engels 1861-64
Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels
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Volume 19 contains articles and documents Marx and Engels wrote between late January 1861 and early June 1864. Many articles written for the New-York Daily Tribune and the Viennese newspaper Die Presse in 1861 and 1862 deal with the US Civil War. They contain the first-ever scholarly assessment of the war as a progressive turning-point in the history of the United States. Marx regarded the war as a form of bourgeois-democratic revolution. The political movements of the working class in European countries in support of the Northern states provided Marx and Engels with material for developing further the theory of the class struggle. Other articles are concerned with economic problems, the home and foreign policy of the European powers, colonialism and the working-class and national liberation movements.
Marx/Engels Collected Works (MECW) is the largest collection of translations into English of the works of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. It contains all works published by Marx and Engels in their lifetimes and numerous unpublished manuscripts and letters. The Collected Works, which was translated by Richard Dixon and others, consists of 50 volumes. It was compiled and printed between 1975 and 2005 by Progress Publishers (Moscow) in collaboration with Lawrence and Wishart (London) and International Publishers (New York).
The Collected Works contains material written by Marx between 1835 and his death in 1883, and by Engels between 1838 and his death in 1895. The early volumes include juvenilia, including correspondence between Marx and his father, Marx's poetry, and letters from Engels to his sister. Several volumes collect the pair's articles for the Neue Rheinische Zeitung.
Other volumes in the Collected Works contain well-known works of Marx and Engels, including The Communist Manifesto, The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Napoleon, and Capital, lesser-known works, and previously unpublished or untranslated manuscripts. The Collected Works includes 13 volumes of correspondence by the mature Marx and Engels, covering the period from 1844 through 1895.
Although the Collected Works is the most complete collection of the work by Marx and Engels published to date in English, it is not their complete works. A project to publish the pair's complete works in German is expected to require more than 120 volumes.
nothing but a struggle between two social systems, the system of slavery and the system of free labour. The struggle has broken out because the two systems can no longer live peacefully side by side on the North American continent. It can only be ended by the victory of one system or the other. If the border states, the disputed areas in which the two systems have hitherto contended for domination, are a thorn in the flesh of the South, there can, on the other hand, be no mistake that, in the
military passengers". 3 Messrs. Mason and Slidell, if not officers, were just as little ambassadors, since their governments are recognised neither by Britain nor by France. What are they, then? In justification of the very broad conceptions of contraband asserted by Britain in the Anglo-French wars, 108 Jefferson already remarks in his memoirs that contraband, by its nature, precludes any exhaustive definition and necessarily leaves great scope for arbitrariness. 11 In any event, however, one
sees that from the standpoint of English law the legal question dwindles to a Duns Scotus controversy, 109 the explosive force of which will not go beyond exchange of diplomatic notes. The political aspect of the North American procedure was estimated quite correctly by The Times in these words: "Even Mr. Seward himself must know that the voices of the Southern commissioners, sounding from their captivity, are a thousand times more eloquent in London and in Paris than they would have been if they
two last meetings held, the one at Paddington, London, the other at Newcastle-upon-Tyne, are characteristic. The former meeting applauded Mr. Washington Wilkes's argumentation that England was not warranted in finding fault with the seizure of the Southern Commissioners 2 ; while the Newcastle meeting almost unanimously carried the resolution—firstly, that the Americans a J. Mason and J. Slidell.— Ed. 138 Karl Marx had only made themselves guilty of a lawful exercise of the right of search
"Eccentricity" or "individuality" are the marks of insular John Bull in the minds of continentals. On the whole, this notion confuses the Englishman of the past with the Englishman of the present. Intense class development, extreme division of labour and what is called "public opinion", manipulated by the Brahmins of the press, have, on the contrary, produced a monotony of character that would make it impossible for a Shakespeare, for example, to recognise his own countrymen. The differences no