Chancellorsville 1863: Jackson's Lightning Strike (Campaign)
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Osprey's examination of the Battle of Chancellorsville (1863) of the American Civil War (1861-1865). Following the debacle of the battle of Fredricksburg in December 1862, Burnside was replaced as commander of the Army of the Potomac by General Joseph Hooker. Having reorganised the army and improved morale, he planned an attack that would take his army to Richmond and end the war. Although faced by an army twice his size, the Confederate commander Robert E. Lee split his forces: Jubal Early was left to hold off Sedgwick's Fredericksburg attack, and 'Stonewall' Jackson was sent with 26,000 men in a wide envelopment around Hooker's right flank. This title details how at dusk on May 2, Jackson's men crashed into the Federal right flank, and how stiffening Federal resistance slowed the Confederate advance the next day.
Lt. Aaron F. Walcott (124) (6/12N) E (5th Btty)/Massachusetts Light - Capt. Charles A. Phillips (104) (6/3R) C/1st Rhode Island Light Arty - Capt. Richard Waterman (133) (6/3R) D/5th US Arty - 1 st Lt. Charles E. Hazlett (192) (6/12N) 2ND DIVISION Maj.Gen. George Sykes (4,781) Staff: 4 Brig.Gen. Joseph J. Bartlett (2,879) Staff: 4 5th Maine - Col. Clark S. Edwards (389) 16th New York - Col. Joel J. Seaver (745) 27th New York - Col. Alexander D. Adams (667) 121st New York - Col. Emory Upton
should avoid enemy pickets. Now Jackson had a more concealed and faster route than originally planned. His eyes glinted bright blue in the early morning firelight. Jackson took the revisions to Lee. Hotchkiss relates that Lee asked Jackson what he intended to do. Jackson's finger traced Welford's route on the map - "I propose to go right around there." Lee studied the route - "Go ahead." J Jackson sets out 48 At 0400 hours Jackson's bold trek began. Rodes led the column, followed by Colston,
December - At Fredericksburg, Ambrose Burnside attacks across the Rappahannock in a wintery crossing. Meade's and Gibbon's men cause Jackson's lines to crumble, but Longstreet on Marye's (pronounced Marie's) Heights soundly defeats Hooker and Sumner when their divisions cross. The attack is an abysmal failure, and at the end, the Federals still have the tenuous hold on the city with which they started, and the Confederates still command the heights above. A Federal officer says, "It was a great
, killing Reily. T h e 75th's resistance collapsed. In the n e x t few minutes, Devens' line folded. Iverson's N o r t h Carolinians on t h e left flank advanced, t u r n i n g t h e surprised Union troops they e n c o u n t e r e d . T h e 20th N o r t h Carolina b r o k e into c a m p , charged through campfires a n d over stacked weapons, a n d p u r s u i n g the fleeing Yankees with singular p u r p o s e . H e t h c o m m e n t e d that at Wilderness C h u r c h , "I passed... a line of
troops. At Chancellorsville Sedgwick was given the thankless task of acting as a diversion for Hooker's main assault. He was promised reinforcements for his attack on the city, but they never materialized, so he cautiously advanced, fighting his way to Salem Church before wisely retiring to the river to cover the ford, thus preserving the Union left flank. Hooker tried to put blame for the failure on Sedgwick, but Washington realized that Sedgwick had done all that most commanders in the same