Binge Drinking Research Progress

Binge Drinking Research Progress

Language: English

Pages: 184

ISBN: 1606920650

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

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‘Adults buying young ones drink and seeing adults getting drunk’ (Female, 47) ‘It’s enjoyment’ (Female, 40) ‘You work all week you so enjoy a drink’ (Male, 45) ‘Too much money and time’ (Female, 85). Significant differences were again found. Older adults in the 50+ age group were significantly less likely than the younger subjects to cite boredom (χ2=19.45, p<0.01) or socialisation/fun (χ2=10.07, p<0.05) as reasons for binge drinking. In addition, those from the most affluent areas were

complications during pregnancy and the risk of fetal alcohol syndrome in their offspring (16). Studies of ethnic differences in alcohol use have been mainly conducted in adults. The patterns of alcohol use and the prevalence of alcohol-related problems vary among adults from different ethnic groups. Comparing gender differences by ethnic group it has been noted that among adult males, Hispanics consume larger quantities of alcohol more frequently than do whites or African-American and are more

themselves. Those with low resistance skills and male sensation seekers are at greater risk of initiating drug use early on, associating with and/or being influenced by friends who use drugs and being binge drinkers themselves. IMPLICATIONS Since youth (1) form attitudes early in life and (2) obtain their alcohol from adults, a strategy directed at youth alone would be unlikely to be successful. Efforts to curb underage drinking need to target adults and engage the society at large as well. The

higher maternal alcoholism, and binge drinking in particular, in some geographical areas. Also some researchers have postulated that there may be genetic differences in susceptibility to alcohol based on the individual’s liver metabolism, specifically the alcohol dehydrogenase and acetaldehyde dehydrogenase pathways which metabolize alcohol. The challenges for more consistent mapping of incidence and prevalence of FASD will depend on the increasing awareness of the more common 104 Kieran

hyperthyroiditis, infectious diseases, encephalitis or even meningitis may present acute psychiatric symptomatology, either of a delirium or psychotic nature, which may mask the underlying ARND. Finally some chronic medical conditions can present complex neuropsychiatric or neurological disorders, including panic disorder, psychosis, dementia and seizures, that need to be considered in the differential assessment of a patient with possible ARND. They include; metabolic or endocrine disorders

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