Architectural Graphics

Architectural Graphics

Language: English

Pages: 272

ISBN: 111903566X

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

The bestselling guide to architectural drawing, with new information, examples, and resources

Architectural Graphics is the classic bestselling reference by one of the leading global authorities on architectural design drawing, Francis D.K. Ching. Now in its sixth edition, this essential guide offers a comprehensive introduction to using graphic tools and drafting conventions to translate architectural ideas into effective visual presentations, using hundreds of the author's distinctive drawings to illustrate the topic effectively. This updated edition includes new information on orthographic projection in relation to 3D models, and revised explanations of line weights, scale and dimensioning, and perspective drawing to clarify some of the most difficult concepts. New examples of modern furniture, APA facilities, and presentation layout provide more up-to-date visuals, and the Reference Center features all new animations, videos, and practice exercises.

Architectural graphics are key tools for conveying design through representation on paper or on screen, and this book is the ultimate guide to mastering the skill, then applying your talent to create more effective design communication.

  • Understand multiview, paraline, and perspective drawing
  • Master interior sections using a variety of techniques
  • Render tonal value, enhance depth, and convey illumination
  • Develop professional-quality layouts for presentations

Architectural graphics both inform the design process and serve as the means by which a design is interpreted and built. Complete mastery of the tools and conventions is essential to the successful outcome of any project, and mistakes can cause confusion, time delays, increased costs, and possible catastrophe. Architectural Graphics is the comprehensive guide to professional architectural drawing, with insight from a leading authority in the field.

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graphic cues to convey depth, curvature, or obliqueness. 04AG IV 4 4/9/02 9:11 AM Page 64 BUILDING ELEVATIONS MULTIVIEW DRAWINGS / 65 A building elevation is the image of a building projected orthographically onto a vertical picture plane. Building elevations convey the external appearance of a building, compressed onto a single plane of projection. They therefore emphasize the exterior vertical faces of a building parallel to the picture plane and define its silhouette in space. They can also

slightly different viewpoint and emphasizes different aspects of the drawn subject. As a family, however, they combine the measured precision and scalability of multiview drawings and the pictorial nature of linear perspective. Because of their pictorial quality and relative ease of construction, paraline drawings are appropriate for visualizing an emerging idea in three dimensions early in the design process. They are capable of fusing plan, elevation, and section into a single view and

picture plane (PP) and a horizontal plane passing through the station point (SP). • The center of vision (C) is the point on the horizon line at which the central axis of vision (CAV) intersects the picture plane. • The ground plane (GP) is a horizontal plane of reference from which heights can be measured in linear perspective. • The ground line (GL) is a horizontal line representing the intersection of GP and the picture plane (PP). • The distance from GL to the horizon line (HL) is equal to

weight • Placement, direction, and interval 09AG IV 9 4/9/02 10:22 AM Page 174 PRESENTATION SEQUENCE ARCHITECTURAL PRESENTATIONS / 175 We generally read design presentations from left to right and from top to bottom. Slide and computerized presentations involve a sequence in time. In either case, the subject matter presented should progress in sequence from small-scale to large-scale graphic information, and from the general or contextual view to the specific. • Area Plan / Site Plan •

errors. It is therefore advantageous to be able to subdivide an overall length into a number of equal parts. Being able to subdivide any given length in this manner is useful for constructing the risers and runs of a stairway, as well as for establishing the coursing of such construction as a tiled floor or masonry wall. • To subdivide a line segment AB into a number of equal parts, draw a line at a convenient angle between 10° and 45° through the starting point. Using an angle that is too acute

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