Ancient Greece: Social and Historical Documents from Archaic Times to the Death of Alexander (Routledge Sourcebooks for the Ancient World)

Ancient Greece: Social and Historical Documents from Archaic Times to the Death of Alexander (Routledge Sourcebooks for the Ancient World)

Language: English

Pages: 624

ISBN: 0415473306

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

In this revised edition, Matthew Dillon and Lynda Garland have expanded the chronological range of Ancient Greece to include the Greek world of the fourth century. The sourcebook now ranges from the first lines of Greek literature to the death of Alexander the Great, covering all of the main historical periods and social phenomena of ancient Greece. The material is taken from a variety of sources: historians, inscriptions, graffiti, law codes, epitaphs, decrees, drama and poetry. It includes the major literary authors, but also covers a wide selection of writers, including many non-Athenian authors. Whilst focusing on the main cities of ancient Greece - Athens and Sparta- the sourcebook also draws on a wide range of material concerning the Greeks in Egypt, Italy, Sicily, Asia Minor and the Black Sea.

Ancient Greece covers not only the chronological, political history of ancient Greece, but also explores the full spectrum of Greek life through topics such as gender, social class, race and labour. This revised edition includes:

  • Two completely new chapters - "The Rise of Macedon" and "Alexander ′the Great′, 336-323" BC
  • New material in the chapters on The City-State, Religion in the Greek World, Tyrants and Tyranny, The Peloponnesian War and its Aftermath, Labour: Slaves, Serfs and Citizens, and Women, Sexuality and the Family

It is structured so that:

  • Thematically arranged chapters arranged allow students to build up gradually knowledge of the ancient Greek world
  • Introductory essays to each chapter give necessary background to understand topic areas
  • Linking commentaries help students understand the source extracts and what they reveal about the ancient Greeks

Ancient Greece: Social and Historical Documents from Archaic Times to the Death of Alexander the Great. Third Edition, will continue to be a definitive collection of source material on the society and culture of the Greeks.

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arrogance, for he married the sister of Kallias for the agreed dowry of ten talents, but when Hipponikos was killed as a general at Delion he demanded the same amount again, on the grounds that Hipponikos had agreed to add that amount when Alkibiades should have a child by his daughter. 14 After obtaining such a dowry, greater than any other Greek’s, he behaved so outrageously, introducing hetairai, both slave and free, into his own house, that he compelled his wife, who was an extremely decent

Bdelykleon (Kleon-hater), whose father Philokleon (Kleon-lover) is a confirmed and obsessive juror, tries to keep him from the courts by setting up a mock trial at home. Philokleon is itching to inflict a harsh penalty by drawing a long furrow in his voting-tablet (cf. Wasps 106–08); if the defendant was found guilty the jurors then voted between the penalties proposed by the prosecutor and the defendant. Bdelykleon: Sosias (a slave): Bdelykleon: 840 Sosias: Bdelykleon: Sosias: Bdelykleon:

They are to record on a noticeboard the weight of the grain received from the demarchs according to each deme and that received from the cities according to each city and set it up in the Eleusinion at Eleusis and in the council chamber. 30 The boule is also to make a proclamation to all the other Greek cities, in whatever way seems to be feasible, telling them how the Athenians and the allies are offering first fruits, and not ordering them but encouraging them to offer first fruits, if they

Chremylos’ wife. Ploutos first bathes in the sea (lines 656–58). Karion: 660 670 Then we went to the god’s precinct. And there on the altar our cakes and preparatory offerings We dedicated, food for Hephaistos’ flame, And after putting Wealth to bed, in the proper way, Each of us set our mattresses in order … When he’d put out the lamps And ordered us to go to sleep, the god’s Servant told us, if anyone heard a noise, 96 R ELI G I O N I N T H E GR E E K W O R L D Karion: 730 Wife: Karion:

and courts. Since religion was both the cornerstone of morality and ‘good order’ and an integral part of the life and tradition of the citystate, the widespread questioning of traditional concepts of religion and conventional beliefs naturally provoked a dramatic reaction. The irony of Socrates’ condemnation to death is that he was certainly not an atheist, though comic poets such as Aristophanes attribute such beliefs to him: in fact he was deeply religious and always listened to his 112 R ELI

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