An Introduction to Sustainable Development (Routledge Perspectives on Development)

An Introduction to Sustainable Development (Routledge Perspectives on Development)

Language: English

Pages: 384

ISBN: 0415590736

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

This fourth edition has been comprehensively rewritten and updated to provide a concise, well illustrated and accessible introduction to the characteristics, challenges and opportunities of sustainable development with particular reference to developing countries. The contested nature of sustainable development is explored through a detailed consideration of changing ideas and practices within environmentalism and development thinking. The text identifies the different actors involved (from institutions of global governance through to community based organisations), the policies and mechanisms through which sustainable development is being sought and considers the outcomes for particular groups and environments in both rural and urban contexts.

This edition places stronger emphasis on the global challenges of sustainable development with an understanding of inter-linked crises in climate, energy, economy, poverty and social injustice. It explores how these issues are leading to deep questioning of what sustainable development is, what it should be, and how sustainable development policies and mechanisms are being reconsidered. The book gives new consideration to the challenge of achieving lower carbon growth, climate adaptation, and the implications on sustainable development of rapidly expanding economies, including China and India. It contains greater discussion of how civil society movements influence outcomes of international climate policy, as well as technological developments in energy and agriculture. The text also contains a substantially expanded discussion of how poverty remains central to sustainable development challenges, as revealed through the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment and Millennium Development Goals.

This invaluable text retains the core message that sustainable development has become central to debates about environment and development. Containing a substantial number of new boxed case studies, learning outcomes, chapter summaries, discussion questions, further reading and websites, this text provides an essential introduction for students.

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objectives of sustainable development The stages of economic development as modelled by Rostow The Frank model of underdevelopment Debt service as a percentage of exports of goods and services, by world region The global reach of the World Bank The principal instruments of structural adjustment Internet users per 1,000 population, 2001 The World Conservation Strategy objectives of conservation The Johannesburg Declaration on Sustainable Development: the challenges we face The Millennium

It is important to evaluate the conference as a process rather than a single event (Adams, 2001). In Chapter 3 the specific agreements reached at Rio and the continued impacts on the actions of varied institutions of development are discussed. Commentators on the Rio conference have presented strong and often opposing reactions (O’Riordan, 2000). For Middleton and O’Keefe (2003: 7), it put the environment at the ‘centre stage of politics’ and in placing the concept of sustainable development at

uneven development and are creating increased differences between places (some good, some bad). The exclusion of large sections of the world’s population from the benefits of globalisation is now recognised by many major institutions in development as the major global challenge. In Chapter 1, for example, it was seen that globalisation was central to the agenda at the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg. In 2000, the UK Department for International Development headed its second

corporate responsibility (Ainger, 2002), there are, however, a number of sources of pressure on TNCs, and also on smaller business and industry more widely to take greater account of the environmental impacts of their activities. This section considers how business is changing the ways in which it works and the sources of pressure towards greater environmental and social accountability. In short, pressures from consumer tastes, government policy and industry’s own perception of its environmental

178 • Sustainable rural livelihoods Plate 4.4 Women in environmental management a. Fuelwood collection, Zimbabwe Source: author. b. Organising the community: a Lampungese wedding Source: Becky Elmhirst, University of Brighton. Sustainable rural livelihoods • 179 Plate 4.4—continued c. Preparing fields for agriculture, The Gambia Source: Hazel Barrett, Coventry University. are not an undifferentiated or homogeneous group. Relations between men and women may vary, including with class or

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