African Independence: How Africa Shapes the World
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African Independence highlights the important role Africa has played in recent history and the significant role it will continue to play in the future of America and the globe. In a world where much of the power and wealth remains concentrated in the hands of a very few people, this book looks at how the history of African independence has touched all people—from refugees to heads of state.
Author Tukufu Zuberi weaves exclusive interview excerpts and stories from many Africans he has met with old newsreels, current news and reports, and research into a larger narrative that takes readers through key events in African history and shows their importance today. The book provides context for understanding connections between events in Africa and the world, such as Nigeria’s Boko Haram acts of war against the citizens of Nigeria and neighboring states, China’s rise as the main superpower with the largest financial connections to the African continent, and the so-called war against terrorism.
Zuberi is also the director of the documentary African Independence, which has won awards including Best Director and Best Documentary at the San Diego Black Film Festival, Best Director at The People’s Film Festival, Best African Film at the San Diego Black Film Festival, and more. Both alone and together, the book and film offer a deeper understanding of Africa’s central role in world affairs.
founded the pro-independence militant newspaper L’Action Tunisienne. He was an important freedom fighter who worked to organize Tunisians for independence and became the country’s first president, from 1957 to 1987. Bourguiba accused the Old Destour Party leaders of being reactionary and was imprisoned several times for his efforts before World War II. In 1944, he moved to Cairo to avoid French repression. Soon thereafter, the French, bowing to the nationalists’ pressures, reorganized the
South Africa and in Namibia, the German settlers there, would all gang up against us and would upset our government. So we had to think of something else. So we began talking to our colleagues, different parties. I explained to them, if we don’t handle this thing, our own independence will be destroyed, undermined. Let’s come together. And so long as South Africa is there, Angola is there under the Portuguese, Zimbabwe is there under the British, now Mozambique is there under the Portuguese—these
leaders. First post-apartheid South African president Nelson Mandela at the White House with President Bill Clinton and others in 1998. Screenshot from African Independence. Many Africans hoped that South Africa’s political freedom represented an example of better days to come across the continent, but it was not going to be that simple. Just before South African independence, on April 7 of the same year, Rwanda’s nightmare began. Almost one million people, mostly from the population called
twenty-first century. So intense is ethnic conflict that it can turn into political and military conflict over the legitimacy of the state. Movements for independence within the new republics erupted in Eritrea and South Sudan, and civil conflicts and war are ever present in nations as far apart as Nigeria, the Central African Republic, Sierra Leone, Côte d’Ivoire, Liberia, Algeria, Libya, and Egypt. Ethnic and religious conflict continues as a major concern in the African republics. The story
Looking Outward: Years of Crisis at the United Nations, ed. Robert L. Schiffer and Selma Schiffer (New York: Harper and Row, 1963), 13–14. 16. Hochschild, King Leopold’s Ghost; David F. Schmitz, The United States and Right Wing Dictatorships, 1965–1989 (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006). 17. Richard M. Nixon, “Remarks of Welcome to President Joseph Desire Mobutu of the Democratic Republic of the Congo: August 4, 1970,” in Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States: Richard